What is a Bunion?
A bunion is a painful bump on the big toe at the base of the joint. This bump forms when the bone or tissue at the joint shifts out of position. The big toe is pushed toward the other toes, resulting in a painful lump of bone on the foot. Since this area of the foot bears a lot of weight while standing and walking, bunions can be extremely painful. If left untreated, the joint may grow sore and stiff, and the pain can worsen.
What Causes a Bunion?
Bunions develop when the natural duress that is exerted on the bones, tendons, and joints of the foot becomes disturbed. This may lead to joint instability and disfigurement. Bunions are brought on by years of irregular movement and pressure on the joint. They are a symptom of incorrect foot growth and are typically produced by the way we walk, shoes, or our genetics.
Parents who experience bunions can transfer their problematical foot type to their offspring, which are then likely to develop bunions in turn. The irregular functioning created by faulty foot development leads to stress on the foot, frequently resulting in bone and joint deformations, including bunions.
Additional conditions that cause bunions are injuries, muscular disorders, or congenital deformities. Flat feet and low arches are known to contribute to bunion formation, as well as arthritis and inflammatory joint disease. Jobs that place excessive strain on the feet can be a part of the problem, along with overly tight shoes.